HISTORY OF JUDICIAL COURTS, FARIDKOT
Faridkot district is one of the seventeen districts
and Faridkot town is an important historic town in the state of Punjab
in North-West India. According to Punjab's Geo-Area, Faridkot is a Malwa
District. It is one of the biggest cotton markets in South-East Asia.
The name 'Faridkot' is derived from Baba Farid, the famous religious
lover of God whose Bani appears in the Sri Guru Granth Sahib. Faridkot
was state from 1763 to 1947.
The history of the Faridkot District pertaining to
the ancient period has been traced to the Indus Valley Civilization. A
few sites explored in the Moga Tehsil (Now a separate District) link it
with Indus Valley Civilization sites explored in the Rupnagar District.
A vast area, including the present area of Faridkot District was under
the influence of Indus Valley Civilization.
The ruling dynasty of Faridkot State claimed descent
from Rawal Jaisal, who founded Jaisalmer in Rajasthan in 1156. The town
was founded in the 16th century by his descendant Bhallan of the Burai
Jats.The ancestor of the Faridkot principality, Bhallan was an ardent
follower of 6th Sikh Guru Har Gobind. He helped the Guru Har Gobind ji
in the battle of Mehraj. He died issueless in 1643. Kapura, who was a
nephew of Bhallan, succeeded him. Kapura founded the town of Kotkapura
in 1661. Nawab Kapura was the Chaudhry of eighty-four villages. He was a
Sikh but did not want to earn the ire of the Mughals and help Guru
Gobind Singh Ji and fight with Mughals. The famous last battle of
Muktsar (Khidrane Di Dhaab) now a historic town, happened after Nawab
Kapura declined Guru Gobind Singh's request to use his fort to fight
Mughal Army. Otherwise the last war between Mughals and Guru Gobind
Singh Ji was destined to happen at Kotkapura. Guru ji moved from
Kotkapura to Dhilwan Kalan from there to Talwandi sabo via Guru ki Dhab.
However, later in the battle of Muktsar in 1705, Nawab Kapuray, helped
Guru Gobind Singh Ji in an underhand manner. Kapura was slain by Isa
Khan Manj in 1708. He had three sons named Sukhia, Sema and Mukhia.
Mukhia killed Isa Khan and took control of the entire area. Sema was
also killed in this battle in 1710. Kapura's elder son Sukhia again came
into power in 1720.
A dispute between grandsons of Kapura (sons of Sukhia)
led to the division of the state in 1763. The older brother, Sardar Jodh
Singh Brar, retained control of Kotkapura, and his younger brother,
Sardar Hamir Singh Brar, was given Faridkot.
The state was captured in 1803 by Ranjit Singh, but
was one of the Cis-Sutlej states that came under British influence after
the 1809 Treaty of Amritsar. During the Sikh wars in 1845, Raja Pahar
Singh aided the British, and was rewarded with an increase of territory.
The state had an area of and its 642 square miles, and a population of
124,912 in 1901. It was bounded on the west and northeast by the British
district of Ferozepore, and on the south by the state of Nabha. The last
Ruler of Faridkot was Lt. HH Farzand-i-sadaat Nishan
Hazrat-i-kaisar-i-hind Raja Sir Harindar Singh Brar Bans Bahadur. Before
partition there was majority Muslim population in Faridkot.
Faridkot has played a leading role in the politics of
the state of Punjab with a number of chief ministers and even a
president hailing from the area. Although the separation of Moga and
Muktsar left this district considerably smaller, the area remains an
important political arena.
Faridkot is created Sessions Division on 01-04-1973
by Honble High Court, which includes Sri Muktsar Sahib, Malout,
Gidderbaha and Moga its subdivisions. In year 1997, Addition District &
Sessions Courts start functioning in Sri Muktsar Sahib and in year 1998,
Addition District & Sessions Courts start functioning in Moga. On
15-01-2010, Sri Muktsar Sahib has been start functioning as a separate
Sessions Division. Now, Gidderbaha and Malout are sub-divisions of Sri.
Muktsar Sahib. Hon'ble Punjab & Haryana High Court established Moga as
separate Sessions Division on 28-04-2012.